f-yeah facebook crash! Back to the BBS!
The old testament (Talmud, Pentateuch, etc.) is clearly written of the Jews, by the Jews and for the Jews. It outlines the Jewish tradition and how a Jewish person should relate to other Jews and to god. It is not particularly evangelical in its marketing.
While the New testament is clearly evangelical, at no point does it say that all humanity should act as Christians without being Christian. Like the Jews, Christians are held to Christian rules, and saved by them. They congregate with each other to get their church on.
But you don't become a Christian by living in a nation that outlaws contraception or makes it a luxury good, by living in a country that outlaws medically necessary procedures like pregnancy control or Blood Transfusions (What, Christian Scientists and Seventh Day Adventists aren't Christian?), by living in country where sexual acts between consenting adults are illegal, liquor sales on your sabbath are illegal or slavery is illegal (yes, the same immoral religion was used to justify that 200 years ago).
I am absolutely fine with Christians living in America and practicing their faith, including evangelizing and sharing the good news to bring more into the fold of Christ's Love. What I am not fine with is immoral Christians thinking that if we make America into a regualtory cartoon of Christianity than all Americans become Christians. It doesn't work that way. And immoral "Christians" are going against God's word for thinking it does.
Render unto Caesar what is Caesar's: equal protection under the law. The constitution is short and to the point because it doesn't spend any time squaring itself with bible verses. I say we take the hint. I'm a strict constructionist like that.
Facebook is down! Everybody clear your cookies, its a party!
Since libraries are now throwing print books away regardless of age or value, I propose a solution. Change the indexing system to allow remote location indexing and donate the books to the care of any and all patrons who will promise to provide shelf space for whatever editions the library was going to destroy. The patrons volumes would be indexed, and integrated into the inter-library loan system, but would no longer be housed at the finite library building.
I was on top of the bike shed tarring the roof paper when this hit me. Anybody running for office as a member of one of the uncreative parties should be required to live on the other side for a month before they are eligible to run.
Democraps have to run a company department as an executive. Rethugnicans have to live on welfare.
Should give them some perspective.
So what does all that mean? To compare these modes side by side, consider what it would take to move America’s 140 million person workforce the average trip distance for each mode. 10 miles in traffic, 5 miles for transit, 1.3 miles walking and 3 miles biking. The cost to build those routes anew to carry all those people that short distance would be $875 billion for traffic, $350 billion (40% of traffic) for transit, less than 1% for walkways, and under 2% for bikeways.40%. Of course, we already have all the roads we need built, so how doe the cost of maintenance and operations of vehicles compare? Transit ids the only mode where an agency has to operate the vehicles. For the other three modes, the purchase, operation and steering of vehicles is our own responsibility. The cost of maintenance by the government or agency plus the cost of operation of vehicles on the roads by either the agency or the public is for the workforce to make same short trips is $258 billion a year for traffic, 56% of that for transit, less than 1% of that for walking, and 9% of that for biking. The cost to build enough route ways to carry all those people those short distances would be $875 billion for traffic, 40% of that for transit, less than 1% for walking and under 2% for biking.
The energy consumed in that workforce average trip is 4.7 trillion BTU for traffic, 24% of that for transit, and 2% of that for walking or biking.
The amount of real estate needed for the workforce to move and park their vehicles (if any would be 8,788 square miles for traffic (an area the size of New Jersey), 9% (803) of that for transit, 1% (Washington, DC) of that for walking and 10% (854) of that for biking.
Safety is the only field where traffic surpasses biking and walking. The chances of being killed in traffic are 0.8 fatalities per 100 million miles, 38% of that for transit, but 19 times that for walking and 13 times that for biking. Per hour, your chance of dying in traffic is 2.7 deaths per billion hours, 12% of that in transit, 160% of that on foot and 400% of that on bike. Of course, safety for pedestrians and cyclists would be much better if fewer cars, trucks and SUVs there to crush them.
When biking, you are really thinking about death and your body. Everything is dependent on how in shape you are. How in shape you are is probably dependent on how much biking you do. Strength is made of a lot of humiliating weakness. Many bikers use the store of energy from childhood. If you stop for a decade, you will have to build yourself back up with regular applications of pain and miles. Biking burns 270 calories per hour, with an average speed of 11 miles per hour, or 3.5 miles in 20 minutes. 25% percent of bike trips are work related, 15% are for errands, and 45% are for recreation and fitness.
Your chances of being killed in traffic while biking are less than for walking, but over ten times that for traffic and , 10 per 100 million miles, on an estimated 7 billion miles traveled per year. At the average speed of 11 MPH, the chance of dying is 110 per 100 million hours.
The width a bike lane is 4 feet, to allow the same comfort of steering for 2.5 foot wide bikes as for cars in their lanes. The space taken up by a biker in a lane is 6x2 ft, and the distance needed for stopping for the average biker is 33 feet, meaning that each bike consumes 156 SF of lane space. The storage space for a bike is also 12 feet, so the total space requirements of a bike is 170 SF, or 0.4% of an acre, 8 percent of the space requirements of a car.
The capacity of a bike lane is 2,300 pph. As with pedestrians, the energy consumed is personal, 185 BTU/mile.
The cost of building a separate 8-foot bike lane is 175,000/mile. As these bike paths are at least 2 lanes wide, making the cost of a lane $83,000 per mile. The cost of maintenance for these paths is $7,000 per mile per year. Bike paths, like sidewalks, are built as part of road projects, and are financed 30% by the gas tax-funded highway trust fund.
The quality of a walk is dependent on what you are walking through. A mile walk in the countryside, suburbs and city feels much different and goes by faster with the amount of interest and options offered you while walking. Walking for an hour burns 170 calories. Walking is essentially free, but we could accept an extra $200 for shoes every year. The average speed of a pedestrian is 3 mph, or 1 mile in 20 minutes. The average distance of a walk trip is 1.3 miles among surveyed respondents who identified themselves as walkers. Only 5% of walk trips are commuting to work, with 40% for errands and the rest for recreation]
In and around traffic, your chance of dying as a pedestrian is higher than for biking or driving: 15 per 100 million miles walked, based on an rough estimate of 32 billion miles walked, or 44 per hundred million hours.
The minimum width of a sidewalk is 4 feet, to accommodate wheelchairs. The minimum width of a walking lane on a crowded sidewalk is 2 feet, and the space taken up by a pedestrian on a sidewalk is 12 SF, or 1% of the space needed by a car.
The capacity of a 2 foot walking lane on a sidewalk is 11,000 pph. The energy consumption of pedestrianism is directly related to the calories burned: 500/BTU/mile.
The cost of building a mile of 5-foot wide sidewalk (2 pedestrian lanes) is 120,000 $/mile, or $60,000 per mile of lane. The cost of maintenance for this sidewalk is $6,000/mile/year. Public sidewalks are commonly paid for as part of highway projects, and therefore 30% percent paid for by the highway trust fund. The share of funds that goes to pedestrian projects is tiny compared to traffic-ways, usually around 1% of road project funding.